What Is the Paris Agreement for Climate Change

On 12 December, a new global agreement on climate change was reached. The agreement represents a balanced outcome with an action plan to limit global warming to “well below” 2°C and make efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. The Paris Agreement establishes a global framework to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C and striving to limit it to 1.5°C. It also aims to strengthen the capacity of countries to cope with the effects of climate change and to support them in their efforts. The Paris Agreement marks the beginning of a transition to a low-carbon world – much more needs to be done. The implementation of the agreement is crucial to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, as it includes a roadmap for climate action that will reduce emissions and build climate resilience. The EU is already ahead of its climate targets and has reduced its emissions by 23% compared to 1990. The American people believe in climate change – and are determined to do something about it. At the Environment Council, ministers discussed the follow-up to the Paris Agreement on climate change and its impact on EU climate policy. Capacity-building under this Agreement should strengthen the capacities of developing country Parties, in particular those with the least capacity, such as the least developed countries, and countries most vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, such as small island developing States, to take effective mitigation measures, including to implement adaptation and mitigation measures; and should facilitate the development, diffusion and adoption of technologies, access to climate finance, relevant aspects of education, training and public awareness, and the transparent, timely and accurate transmission of information. Emphasizing that climate change actions, responses and impacts are inextricably linked to equal access to sustainable development and poverty eradication, recognizing the importance of engaging all levels of government and different actors in accordance with the Parties` respective national laws in the fight against climate change, the NDC Partnership was launched at COP22 in Marrakech, Improve cooperation so that countries have access to the technical knowledge and financial support they need to achieve key climate and sustainability goals.

The NDC Partnership is led by a Steering Committee composed of developed and developing countries and international institutions and led by a support unit based at the World Resources Institute based in Washington, DC and Bonn, Germany. The NDC Partnership is jointly led by the governments of Costa Rica and the Netherlands and includes 93 member countries, 21 institutional partners and ten associate members. National communication reports are often several hundred pages long, covering a country`s actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as well as a description of its vulnerabilities and impacts to climate change. [90] National communications are prepared in accordance with guidelines agreed by the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC. The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that form the basis of the Paris Agreement are shorter and less detailed, but also follow a standardized structure and are subject to technical review by experts. The Parties recognize that adaptation is a global challenge facing all those with a local, subnational, national, regional and international dimension and that it is a key element of the long-term global response to climate change in order to protect people, livelihoods and ecosystems, taking into account the urgent and immediate needs of developing country Parties; who are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. However, it is important to remember that the Paris Agreement is not static. Instead, it is designed to amplify countries` national efforts over time – meaning that current commitments are the ground, not the ceiling of climate change ambitions. Much remains to be done – reducing emissions by 2030 and 2050 – and the agreement provides the tools to achieve this. The ECOFIN Council adopted conclusions on climate finance at its meeting on 10 November 2015.

The findings recognised the role of climate finance as a means to achieve the path of limiting global warming below 2°C and achieving the transition to climate-resilient, low-emission and sustainable economies. .

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